News

Predicting recovery time for sports concussions

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can result from a blow or jolt to the head or an object going through the skull. Millions of sports-related mild TBIs, or concussions, occur each year in the United States. Athletes who return to play before they’re fully recovered are at high risk for long-term symptoms like headaches, dizziness, and …

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BLAST: Greater speed, accuracy in recognizing brain injury

ARLINGTON, Va.—Modern body armor better protects warfighters against shrapnel from explosive blasts. However, they still face a hidden threat—the resulting blast pressure and shock wave that could cause traumatic brain injury (TBI). To fight this invisible, insidious adversary, the Office of Naval Research (ONR) is sponsoring the development of a portable, three-part system that can …

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Research: Aerobic exercise shows promise for treatment of wounded warriors with mild traumatic brain injury

LAWRENCE — Improvised explosive devices and associated blast injuries have left over 350,000 U.S. service members in Iraq and Afghanistan with an invisible wound: traumatic brain injury. “Soldiers get blown on their butt from an improvised explosive device (IED). Often they lose consciousness for 30 seconds to six minutes — but there’s no penetrating injury,” …

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Depression Symptoms Can Increase With Concussion

Many service members who sustain a concussion also cope with depression. There is a distinct connection between depression and traumatic brain injury (TBI). In fact, depression diagnoses increase after a brain injury. “Sometimes the challenge is [that] post-concussive syndrome can sound the same as depression,” said Kelvin Lim, principal investigator for the Defense and Veterans …

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Searching Out Tsunamis to Help Brain Injury Patients

University of Cincinnati researchers are looking deep inside the brain to figure out why some head injury patients recover and others do not.  It appears linked to what’s called a “brain tsunami,” or damaging, seizure-like waves that spread slowly through the brain following a traumatic injury. Eventually doctors hope to prevent this wave of secondary damage. …

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New Study will Examine the Link between Head Injuries, Degenerative Brain Disorders

UPMC’s Brain Trauma Research Center, Pitt’s Department of Critical Care Medicine and Drug Discovery Institute, and CMU’s Department of Mechanical Engineering are preparing to study treatments for traumatic brain injuries – including chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a degenerative brain disease that has been related to playing football and other contact sports. The study is being undertaken …

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Relief Comes for Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injuries

WASHINGTON (VA) – Secretary of Veterans Affairs Robert McDonald has granted equitable relief to more than 24,000 Veterans following a national review of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) medical examinations conducted in connection with disability compensation claims processed between 2007 and 2015. This action by the Secretary allows the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to offer …

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Systemic Review: Prevalence and Epidemiology of Combat Blast Injuries

A recent systematic review of the current medical literature on blast-related injuries among Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND) service members from 2001 through 2014 found limited information about the true incidence (number of new cases that develop over a specific time period for deployed population) and prevalence …

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Traumatic Brain Injury has Lasting Effect on Sleep

Sleep-wake disturbances are a persistent problem in people who have sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and one that is underestimated by patients, study data indicate. “[O]ur data suggest that posttraumatic [sleep-wake disturbances] transform into a chronic state of disease in a majority of patients with TBI”, say the researchers led by Lukas Imbach (University …

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